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Exploring Infant Caregivers’ Provision of Modified Formulas: Potential Demographic Differences and Reasons for Provisions

This cross-sectional online survey of US caregivers of infants (6–11 months) who provided formula in the past month (N = 436) examined the proportion of infant caregivers who reported serving modified formula, demographic differences, and reasons for providing them. Approximately one-half (47%) of participants reported serving modified formula most often; sensitive and organic/non-GMO were the most common types provided. Agreement with reasons for providing was highest for “pediatricians recommend” and “benefits my child”.

Full citation: Gershman, H., Romo-Palafox, M. J., Rajeh, T., Fleming-Milici, F., & Harris, J. L. Exploring infant caregivers’ provision of modified formulas: Potential demographic differences and reasons for provisions. Frontiers in Nutrition, 955. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2022.867932

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RESOURCE TYPE:
Publication
FOCUS AREAS:
Baby and Toddler Food & Beverage Marketing
RUDD AUTHORS:
Haley Gershman
Frances Fleming-Milici
Jennifer L. Harris
Fast-food companies’ racial justice statements and targeted marketing practices

Inequities in the U.S. food system leads to disproportionately high rates of diet-related diseases and premature death in communities of color. One of those inequities, fast-food restaurant marketing that targets Black and Latinx youth, exacerbates diet-related health disparities. This brief examines the nature and type of fast-food restaurants’ public racial justice statements made in spring/summer 2020. It also discusses implications for public health advocacy to address the commercial determinants of health, including the negative impact of fast-food marketing on Black and Latinx youths’ diets and health.

Full citation: Mancini, S., McCann, M.,  & Harris, J. L. (2022). Fast-food companies’ racial justice statements and targeted marketing practices. UConn Rudd Center for Food Policy & Health. https://uconnruddcenter.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/2909/2022/05/Racial_Justice_051822.pdf

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RESOURCE TYPE:
Rudd Report
FOCUS AREAS:
Targeted Marketing
RUDD AUTHORS:
Sally Mancini
Melissa McCann
Jennifer L. Harris
Strengthening US Food Policies and Programs to Promote Equity in Nutrition Security: A Policy Statement From the American Heart Association

Despite existing policies and programs, significant gaps remain for achieving equity in nutrition security across the life span. In this policy statement, recommendations for expanding and improving current food assistance policies and programs to achieve nutrition security are presented. Future advocacy, innovation, and research will be needed to expand existing food assistance policies and programs and to develop and implement new policies and programs that will improve cardiovascular health and reduce disparities in chronic disease.

Full citation: Thorndike, A.N., Gardner, C.D.,  Kendrick, K.B., Seligman, H.K., Yaroch, A.L, Gomes, A.V., Ivy, K.N.,  Scarmo, S., Cotwright, C.J., & Schwartz, M.B. (2022). Strengthening US Food Policies and Programs to Promote Equity in Nutrition Security: A Policy Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation, https://doi.org/10.1161/CIR.0000000000001072

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RESOURCE TYPE:
Publication
FOCUS AREAS:
Food Security
RUDD AUTHORS:
Marlene Schwartz
Caregivers’ provision of sweetened fruit-flavoured drinks to young children: importance of perceived product attributes and differences by socio-demographic and behavioural characteristics

The current study examined factors associated with caregivers’ provision of sweetened drinks to their young child. An online cross-sectional survey of U.S. caregivers (n 1763) with a young child (ages 1–5) was conducted. Results showed the majority (74 %) of caregivers provided sweetened fruit-flavoured drinks to their child in the past month; 26 % provided them daily. Moreover, misunderstanding of product healthfulness and other marketing attributes contribute to frequent provision of sweetened drinks to young children.

Full citation: Choi, Y. Y., Jensen, M. L., Fleming-Milici, F., & Harris, J. L. (2022). Caregivers’ provision of sweetened fruit-flavoured drinks to young children: importance of perceived product attributes and differences by socio-demographic and behavioural characteristics. Public Health Nutrition, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980022000751

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RESOURCE TYPE:
Publication
FOCUS AREAS:
Sugary Drinks
RUDD AUTHORS:
Melissa L. Jensen
Yoon Y. Choi
Frances Fleming-Milici
Jennifer L. Harris
Food Pantry Clients’ Needs, Preferences, and Recommendations for Food Pantries: A Qualitative Study

A qualitative formative approach was used to explore food pantry clients’ needs, preferences, and recommendations regarding food received from food pantries. Fifty adult clients of six Arkansas food pantries were interviewed in English, Spanish, or Marshallese. Three themes emerged: clients need increased quantities of food, particularly more proteins and dairy; clients desire higher quality food, including healthy food and food not close to expiration; and clients desire familiar foods and food appropriate for their health needs.

Full citation: Long, C.R., Bailey, M.M., Cascante, D.C., Purvis, R.S., Rowland, B., Faitak, B.M., Gittelsohn, J., Caspi, C.E., English, E.S. and McElfish, P.A .(2022). Food Pantry Clients’ Needs, Preferences, and Recommendations for Food Pantries: A Qualitative Study. Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition, 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1080/19320248.2022.2058334

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RESOURCE TYPE:
Publication
FOCUS AREAS:
Food Security
RUDD AUTHORS:
Caitlin Caspi
A multi-component tailored intervention in family childcare homes improves diet quality and sedentary behavior of preschool children compared to an attention control: results from the Healthy Start-Comienzos Sanos cluster randomized trial

Childcare settings are important environments for influencing child eating and physical activity. This study assessed the efficacy of the cluster-randomized trial, Healthy Start/Comienzos Sanos (2015–2019) in family childcare homes (FCCH) on diet quality and physical activity. Results showed the multicomponent Healthy Start intervention was effective in improving diet quality and sedentary behavior of children in FCCH, which demonstrates the promise of obesity prevention interventions in this setting.

Full citation:Gans, K.M., Tovar, A., Kang, A., Ward, D.S., Stowers, K.C., von Ash, T., Dionne, L., Papandonatos, G.D., Mena, N., Jiang, Q. and Risica, P.M.(2022). A multi-component tailored intervention in family childcare homes improves diet quality and sedentary behavior of preschool children compared to an attention control: results from the Healthy Start-Comienzos Sanos cluster randomized trial. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 19(1), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-022-01272-6

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RESOURCE TYPE:
Publication
FOCUS AREAS:
Early Care & Education
RUDD AUTHORS:
Kristen Cooksey-Stowers
A Comprehensive Examination of the Nature, Frequency, and Context of Parental Weight Communication: Perspectives of Parents and Adolescents

Research suggests that many parents make comments about their child’s weight, which is associated with negative adolescent health outcomes. The present study carried out a comprehensive investigation of two diverse samples of U.S. parents (n = 1936) and adolescents (n = 2032), who completed questionnaires about their experiences and perspectives of parental weight communication. Although the majority of parents communicated positive messages of body diversity and respect, 44% and 63% of adolescents said they never want their mothers and fathers, respectively, to talk about their weight. Findings have implications for health professionals working with families to promote supportive health communication at home.

Full citation: Puhl, R. M., Lessard, L. M., Foster, G. D., & Cardel, M. I. (2022). A Comprehensive Examination of the Nature, Frequency, and Context of Parental Weight Communication: Perspectives of Parents and Adolescents. Nutrients, 14(8), 1562. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14081562

 

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RESOURCE TYPE:
Publication
FOCUS AREAS:
Weight Bias & Stigma
RUDD AUTHORS:
Rebecca Puhl
The accuracy of portion size reporting on self-administered online 24-hour dietary recalls among women with low incomes

Accurately estimating portion sizes remains a challenge in dietary assessment. The current study examined the accuracy of portion size estimation by women with low incomes who completed 24-hour dietary recalls using the online Automated Self-Administered 24-hour Dietary Assessment Tool (ASA24) in the Food and Eating Assessment STudy (FEAST) II. On average across foods and beverages, reported portion sizes were 7.4 grams and 6.4 grams higher than observed portion sizes in the independent and assisted conditions, respectively.

Full citation: Kirkpatrick, S.I., Guenther, P.M., Durward, C., Douglass, D., Zimmerman, T.P., Kahle, L.L., Atoloye, A.T., Marcinow, M.L., Savoie-Roskos, M.R., Herrick, K.A. and Dodd, K.W. (2022). The accuracy of portion size reporting on self-administered online 24-hour dietary recalls among women with low incomes. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2022.03.018

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RESOURCE TYPE:
Publication
FOCUS AREAS:
Food Environment
RUDD AUTHORS:
Abiodun Atoloye
FACTS 2022 In Brief

Children’s Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative (CFBAI) regularly publishes a list of products that meet its revised nutrition criteria and that companies indicate may be advertised to children under age 12. The UConn Rudd Center for Food Policy & Health evaluated the nutrition quality of the products that were included on this list as of August 2020. Overall, CFBAI is failing to protect children from the marketing of unhealthy food and beverages, which negatively impacts their food preferences, diets, and health.

Full citation: Jensen, M. L., McCann, M., Fleming-Milici, F., Mancini, S., & Harris, J. L. (2022). FACTS 2022 In Brief Food industry self-regulation: Changes in nutrition of foods and drinks that may be advertised to children. UConn Rudd Center for Food Policy & Health. https://uconnruddcenter.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/2909/2022/05/CFBAI-Two_Pager_Revised.pdf

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RESOURCE TYPE:
Report Summary
FOCUS AREAS:
Baby and Toddler Food & Beverage Marketing
Food & Beverage Marketing
RUDD AUTHORS:
Melissa L. Jensen
Melissa McCann
Frances Fleming-Milici
Sally Mancini
Jennifer L. Harris
FACTS 2022 Food industry self-regulation: Changes in nutrition of foods and drinks that may be advertised to children

In the United States, food and beverage companies have voluntarily pledged to limit unhealthy food advertising to children through industry self-regulatory programs, such as the Children’s Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative (CFBAI). Previous analyses of the CFBAI have identified limitations in its effectiveness at protecting children from unhealthy food marketing and recommended improvements, including stricter nutrition standards. This report shows there are few meaningful improvements to the food and beverages marketed to children based on the CFBAI Revised Nutrition Criteria in 2020, and several issues continue to limit the effectiveness of the CFBAI to better protect children from exposure to unhealthy food marketing.

Full citation: Jensen, M. L., McCann, M., Fleming-Milici, F., Mancini, S., & Harris, J. L. (2022). FACTS 2022 Food industry self-regulation: Changes in nutrition of foods and drinks that may be advertised to children. UConn Rudd Center for Food Policy & Health. https://uconnruddcenter.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/2909/2022/05/FACTS2022-Full-Report.pdftps://doi.org/10.1093/cdn/nzab151

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RESOURCE TYPE:
Rudd Report
FOCUS AREAS:
Baby and Toddler Food & Beverage Marketing
Food & Beverage Marketing
RUDD AUTHORS:
Melissa L. Jensen
Melissa McCann
Frances Fleming-Milici
Sally Mancini
Jennifer L. Harris
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