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The determinants of racial disparities in obesity: baseline evidence from a natural experiment

This article uses baseline data from an observational study to estimate the determinants of racial and gender disparities in obesity. Samples of low-income workers in Minneapolis and Raleigh reveal that respondents in Minneapolis have lower body mass indices (BMIs) than respondents in Raleigh. There are large, statistically significant race and gender effects in estimates of BMI that explain most of the disparity between the two cities. Accounting for intersectionality—the joint impacts of being Black and a woman—reveals that almost all the BMI gaps between Black women in Minneapolis and Raleigh can be explained by age and education differences.

Full citation: Durfee T, Myers Jr. S, Wolfson J, DeMarco M, Harnak L, Caspi C. The determinants of racial disparities in obesity: baseline evidence from a natural experiment. Agricultural and Resource Economics Review (2021) 1-26. https://www.doi.org/10.1017/age.2021.21.

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RESOURCE TYPE:
Publication
FOCUS AREAS:
Obesity
RUDD AUTHORS:
Caitlin Caspi
Policies to address weight discrimination and bullying: Perspectives of adults engaged in weight management from six nations

Across the world, it remains legal to discriminate against people because of their weight. Although US studies demonstrate public support for laws to prohibit weight discrimination, multinational research is scarce. The present study conducted a multinational comparison of support for legislative measures to address weight discrimination and bullying across six countries.

Full citation: Puhl RM, Lessard LM, Pearl RL, Grupski A, Foster GD. Policies to address weight discrimination and bullying: Perspectives of adults engaged in weight management from six nations [published online ahead of print, 2021 Oct 5]. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2021;10.1002/oby.23275. https://www.doi.org/10.1002/oby.23275

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RESOURCE TYPE:
Publication
FOCUS AREAS:
Weight Bias & Stigma
RUDD AUTHORS:
Rebecca Puhl
International Support for Policies to Address Weight-Based Bullying & Discrimination

New multinational research suggests there is considerable public support to address weight discrimination across different countries. According to a new study by researchers at the UConn Rudd Center for Food Policy and Health, support is especially strong for improving anti-bullying policies in schools to better protect youth from being bullied about their weight, and for passing laws that would make it illegal for employers to discriminate against employees because of their weight.

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RESOURCE TYPE:
Press Release
FOCUS AREAS:
Weight Bias & Stigma
U.S. Households’ Children’s Drink Purchases: 2006−2017 Trends and Associations With Marketing

Sugar-sweetened beverages contribute a large proportion of added sugar in young children’s diets; yet, companies market sugar-sweetened children’s drinks extensively to children and parents. This study examines the changes in children’s drink purchases by U.S. households with young children and the associations with marketing practices.

Full citation: Yoon Y. Choi, Tatiana Andreyeva, Frances Fleming-Milici, Jennifer L. Harris. U.S. Households’ Children’s Drink Purchases: 2006–2017: Trends and Associations With Marketing, American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2021: ISSN 0749-3797. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2021.06.013

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RESOURCE TYPE:
Publication
FOCUS AREAS:
Food & Beverage Marketing
RUDD AUTHORS:
Yoon Young-Choi
Tatiana Andreyeva
Frances Fleming-Milici
Jennifer Harris
Weight Stigma and Diabetes Stigma: Implications for Weight-Related Health Behaviors in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes

There has been little recognition that people with type 2 diabetes are vulnerable to weight stigma and diabetes stigma, and almost no research examining the implications of these forms of stigma for their health and well-being. This study examined health behavior correlates of weight stigma and diabetes stigma in 1,227 adults with type 2 diabetes.

Full citation: Puhl RM, Himmelstein MS, Hateley-Browne JL, Speight J. Weight stigma and diabetes stigma in U.S. adults with type 2 diabetes: Associations with diabetes self-care behaviors and perceptions of health care. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2020;168:108387. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2020.108387.

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RESOURCE TYPE:
Publication
FOCUS AREAS:
Weight Bias & Stigma
RUDD AUTHORS:
Rebecca Puhl
Strategies to Improve School Meal Consumption: A Systematic Review

School meals can play an integral role in improving children’s diets and addressing health disparities. Initiatives and policies to increase consumption have the potential to ensure students benefit from the healthy school foods available. This systematic review evaluates studies examining initiatives, interventions, and policies to increase school meal consumption.

Full citation: Cohen, J.F.W.; Hecht, A.A.; Hager, E.R,; Turner, L.; Burkholder, K.; Schwartz, M.B. Strategies to Improve School Meal Consumption: A Systematic Review. Nutrients 2021, 13, 3520. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103520.

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RESOURCE TYPE:
Publication
FOCUS AREAS:
Schools
RUDD AUTHORS:
Marlene Schwartz
Ethnic Differences in Family Childcare Providers’ Nutrition- and Activity-Related Attitudes and Barriers

The aim of the study is to examine family childcare providers’ (FCCPs) attitudes and perceived barriers related to nutrition, physical activity (PA), and screen time (ST) behaviors of preschool children, exploring differences by provider ethnicity.

Full citation: Jiang Q, Tovar A, Risica PM, et al. Ethnic Differences in Family Childcare Providers’ Nutrition- and Activity-Related Attitudes and Barriers. J Obes. 2021;2021:6697006. Published 2021 Oct 7. https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/6697006.

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RESOURCE TYPE:
Publication
FOCUS AREAS:
Early Care & Education
RUDD AUTHORS:
Marlene Schwartz
Kristen Cooksey-Stowers
Race, Ethnicity & Food Environment: Impact on Youth Sugary Drink Consumption

This infographic depicts findings from a multi-year, community-based campaign to reduce sugary drink consumption that was launched as part of a strategy to ensure that children grow up at a healthy weight.

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RESOURCE TYPE:
Infographic
FOCUS AREAS:
Sugary Drinks
Breastmilk or infant formula? Content analysis of infant feeding advice on breastmilk substitute manufacturer websites

This study evaluates messages about infant feeding on breastmilk substitute (BMS) manufacturer websites directed at US caregivers and compares information and portrayals of breast-feeding/breastmilk with that of infant formula (IF) feeding. A codebook was created through an iterative process to identify messages and images about breast-feeding/breastmilk and IF feeding, including benefits or issues associated with each, and direct-to-consumer marketing practices that could discourage breast-feeding.

Full citation: Pomeranz JL, Chu X, Groza O, Cohodes M, Harris JL. Breastmilk or infant formula? Content analysis of infant feeding advice on breastmilk substitute manufacturer websites [published online ahead of print, 2021 Sep 14]. Public Health Nutr. 2021;1-9. https://doi.org/10.1017/s1368980021003451

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RESOURCE TYPE:
Publication
FOCUS AREAS:
Food & Beverage Marketing
RUDD AUTHORS:
Jennifer Harris
The Impact of Toddler Milk Claims on Beliefs and Misperceptions: A Randomized Experiment with Parents of Young Children

Toddler milk (ie, a nutrient-fortified milk-based drink marketed for children aged 12 to 36 months) has been marketed increasingly in the United States with structure/function claims on product packaging that are potentially misleading. This study examined how structure/function claims impact parents’ beliefs and perceptions about a toddler milk product.

Full citation:  Richter APC, Duffy EW, Taillie LS, Harris JL, Pomeranz JL, Hall MG. The impact of toddler milk claims on beliefs and misperceptions: A randomized experiment with parents of young children [published online ahead of print, 2021 Aug 12]. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2021;S2212-2672(21)01197-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2021.08.101 

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RESOURCE TYPE:
Publication
FOCUS AREAS:
Food & Beverage Marketing
RUDD AUTHORS:
Jennifer Harris
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